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氧化铋 | 1304-76-3

氧化铋结构式图片|1304-76-3结构式图片 查看氧化铋结构式大图
中文名称: 氧化铋
英文名称: bismuth oxide
CAS No.: 1304-76-3 | 分子式: Bi2O3 | 分子量: 465.959
如需查看该化合物的详细结构式,mol文件,smile, InChi 请点击:氧化铋结构式
MSDS:氧化铋msds
基本信息
中文别名:
氧化铋 三氧化铋 三氧化二铋 三氧化二鉍 氧化铋(III) 氧化铋,AR 纳米三氧化二铋
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英文别名:
BISMUTH(+3)OXIDE BISMUTH(III) OXIDE BISMUTH(III) OXIDE V BISMUTH OXIDE BISMUTH TRIOXIDE Bi2-O3 Bismite Bismuth oxide (Bi2O3) Bismuth sesquioxide Bismuth yellow Bismuthous oxide C.I. 77160 Dibismuth trioxide Bismuth(III) Dibismuttrioxid
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国际标准相关数据

精确分子量 : 256.96500

LogP : -0.35640

PSA : 0.00000

物化性质
安全术语

Rtecs : EB2984460

安全说明 : S26; S36/37; S36

海关编码 : 8106009090

危险品标志 : Xi

风险术语 : R36/37/38

WgkGermany : 2

化合物详情

氧化铋物理化学性质

【外观性状】氧化铋(1304-76-3)为黄色重质粉末或单斜结晶。无气味。在空气中稳定。溶于盐酸和硝酸;几乎不溶于水,加热变成褐红色冷后仍变为黄色。相对密度8.5。熔点820℃ ,沸点1890℃。
【熔点 】825 °C
【沸点 】1890°C
【密度 】8.9
【闪点 】1890°C
【form 】powder
【水溶解性 】INSOLUBLE
【Merck 】14,1273

氧化铋产品用途和应用领域

【用途一】用于制金属铋、催化剂及铋系氧化物超导体
【用途二】釉药、催化剂、橡胶配合剂、医药、红色玻璃配合剂等方面使用。
【用途三】制造铋盐,陶釉。临床检验糖和生物碱。高纯氧化铋用于:
 1、电子材料:包括瓷介电容、压敏电阻、压电陶瓷等电子元器件的粉料,加入超细氧化铋粉末可大大改善相关参数,提高元器件性能;
 2、铁氧体磁性材料,加入超细氧化铋粉末可改善磁感应强度、磁导率和磁通密度,优化磁性材料性能;
 3、石化行业中的催化剂,利用其比表面积大、活性高、选择性好的特点,大大提高催化活性,有效降低生产成本,以及相关钝化剂、助剂等; 
4、彩色显像管荫罩涂层材料,可有效防止荫罩隆起;汽车面漆组分,替代有毒金属,实现绿色环保;
 5、玻璃、陶瓷着色剂、釉彩等;
 6、高性能硅酸铋单晶、铋系高温超导材料、高质量光学玻璃、光纤、烟花、新型氧化传感材料、燃料电池电解质、可充碱性锌锰电池、阻燃剂、澄清剂等;
 7、绿色环保阻燃剂,替代有毒锑系阻燃剂。 8、用于环保电池的添加剂,可改善电池的性能。

氧化铋制备方法

【方法一】向硝酸铋溶液(80~90℃)中滴加不含二氧化碳的氢氧化钠水溶液,使其混合。溶液在沉淀过程中保持碱性,生成白色、体积膨胀的氧化铋水合物Bi(OH)3沉淀,将此溶液加热,短时搅拌就脱水变为黄色三氧化二铋。经水倾析洗涤,过滤,干燥,制得氧化铋成品。

氧化铋化学品安全说明书(MSDS)

急救措施
食入:寻求医疗救护。不要催吐。如果意识清醒,漱口,喝2-4 cupfuls的牛奶或水。
吸入:从接触到新鲜的空气立即删除。如呼吸停止,立即进行人工呼吸。如呼吸困难,给输氧。寻求医疗援助,如果有咳嗽或其他症状出现。
皮肤:冲洗皮肤用大量肥皂和水至少15分钟并脱去污染的衣服和鞋子。就医如果刺激持续或发展。重复使用前洗净衣物。
眼睛:冲洗眼睛,用大量的水冲洗至少15分钟,偶尔提起上下眼睑。寻求医疗救护。
处理和储存
贮藏:储存在密闭容器内。存放在阴凉,干燥,通风良好的地方,远离不相容的物质。
处理:操作后彻底清洗。使用充分的通风。减少灰尘的产生和积累。避免与眼睛,皮肤和衣物接触。保持容器密闭。避免食入和吸入。
危害辨识返
吸入:可能引起呼吸道刺激。
皮肤:可能会引起皮肤刺激。
眼睛:可能会刺激眼睛。
食入:可能会造成消化道的刺激。可能引起肝,肾损害。
曝光控制/个人防护
个人防护:眼睛:如29 CFR 1910.133或欧洲标准EN166描述OSHA的眼睛和面部防护条例穿戴合适的防护眼镜或化学安全护目镜。皮肤:穿戴合适的防护手套以防止皮肤接触。服装:穿戴适当的防护服以防止皮肤接触。
防毒面罩:当工作环境需要呼吸器的使用符合OSHA的29 CFR 1910.134和ANSI Z88.2要求或欧洲标准EN 149的呼吸保护程序必须遵守。
曝光影响:可能引起肝,肾损害。
消防措施
灭火:在压力需求, MSHA / NIOSH (认可或同等学历) ,和全身防护服佩戴自给式呼吸器。发生火灾时,刺激性和剧毒气体,可以通过热分解或燃烧产生。灭火剂:使用代理最合适的灭火。在火灾情况下使用雾状水,干粉,二氧化碳,或适当的泡沫。
泄漏处理方法
小泄漏/泄露:用吸尘器清理或彻底清扫污染物并将其放置到合适的处理容器中。立即清理泄漏,利用适当的防护设备。避免产生灰尘的条件。提供通风。

氧化铋处理和储存特性

【贮藏】储存在密闭的容器中。储存于阴凉,干燥,通风良好的地方远离不相容物质。
【处理】操作后彻底清洗。有足够的通风条件下使用。减少灰尘生成和堆积。避免与眼睛,皮肤和衣物接触。保持容器密闭。避免食入和吸入。

MSDS

MSDS :

Name: Bismuth(III) oxide Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: Bismuth trioxide; Bismuthous oxide; Bismuth yellow
CAS: 1304-76-3
Section 1 - Chemical Product ? MSDS Name:Bismuth(III) oxide Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:Bismuth trioxide; Bismuthous oxide; Bismuth yellow

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
1304-76-3 Bismuth trioxide >99 215-134-7
Hazard Symbols: None Listed.
Risk Phrases: None Listed.

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
? EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Not available.
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
May cause eye irritation.
Skin:
May cause skin irritation.
Ingestion:
May cause irritation of the digestive tract. May cause liver and kidney damage.
Inhalation:
May cause respiratory tract irritation.
Chronic:
May cause liver and kidney damage.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
? Eyes: Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.
Skin:
Flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion:
Get medical aid. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
Inhalation:
Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid if cough or other symptoms appear.
Notes to Physician:

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
? General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear.
Extinguishing Media:
Use extinguishing media most appropriate for the surrounding fire.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
? General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Avoid generating dusty conditions.
Provide ventilation.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
? Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation.
Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Storage:
Store in a tightly closed container.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
? Engineering Controls:
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate ventilation to keep airborne concentrations low.
Exposure Limits CAS# 1304-76-3: Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to minimize contact with skin.
Respirators:
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant respirator use.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
?
Physical State: Solid
Color: yellow
Odor: odorless
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: Not available.
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: Not available.
Freezing/Melting Point: 825 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: Not applicable.
Flash Point: Not applicable.
Explosion Limits, lower: Not available.
Explosion Limits, upper: Not available.
Decomposition Temperature: Not available.
Solubility in water: practically insoluble in water.
Specific Gravity/Density: 8.8
Molecular Formula: Bi2O3
Molecular Weight: 465.96

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
? Chemical Stability:
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Conditions to Avoid:
Dust generation.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
No significant incompatibilities identified with common materials and contaminants..
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
None.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
? RTECS#:
CAS# 1304-76-3: EB2984460 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 1304-76-3: Oral, mouse: LD50 = 10 gm/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 5000 mg/kg.
Carcinogenicity:
Bismuth trioxide - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
?

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
? Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
?
IATA
Shipping Name: Not regulated.
Hazard Class:
UN Number:
Packing Group:
IMO
Shipping Name: Not regulated.
Hazard Class:
UN Number:
Packing Group:
RID/ADR
Shipping Name: Not regulated.
Hazard Class:
UN Number:
Packing group:

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
?
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: Not available.
Risk Phrases:
Safety Phrases:
S 24/25 Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 1304-76-3: 1
Canada
CAS# 1304-76-3 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 1304-76-3 is not listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 1304-76-3 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

物化特性

密度 8.9
熔点 825 ºC
水溶性 不溶

危险品标识

XiIrritant
刺激性物品

风险术语标识

R36/37/38Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin.
刺激眼睛、呼吸系统和皮肤。

安全术语

S26In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
不慎与眼睛接触后,请立即用大量清水冲洗并征求医生意见。
S36/37Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves.
穿戴适当的防护服和手套。

化合物 1304-76-3 合成路线 共 2 条合成路线
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